World’s Largest Freshwater Lake Baikal

Lake Baikal ©Peer.Gynt /flickr

Lake Baikal ©Peer.Gynt /flickr

Twenty percent of the world’s surface fresh water is at the Lake Baikal. Besides being ancient, this place worth exploration as it has an average depth of about 740 meters and 445 meters above sea level. Some people even regard it as the Baikal Sea, some called it the Pearl of Siberia. The deepest it goes is 1600 meters. This lake is one of the clearest in the world. It used to hold the position of being the oldest lake in the world some 25 million years ago. You can find here 1700 or more species of animals and plants. Two thirds of them them are totally unique which means you can find them no where else. The Buryat people lives here, they follow the Tibetan Buddhist religion and rear goats, cattles, camels as well as sheeps. Unique Climate of Baikal can be observerd due to its huge water mass. The Lake Baikal has climate that of the features of a seashore. First is the temperature differences between the surrounding territories of Eastern Siberia and the Baikal hollow itself. That makes Kachug freezing cold at negative 27 degree Celsius and as low as negative 39 degree Celsius. In Irkutsk, it dips as low as -27ºC in December. For summers, Baikal is +25ºC.

“Museum of Climates”

What is a museum of climate if you cannot experience it all at once? Well, here in Baikal, the variations of the climate is noticeable by distancing yourself from the lake. Much to do with the shape of the coastline as well. The surface of the shores and the reliefs, the steepness of the slopes, the orientations, all affect and give you the variations. The warmest month is August nowadays, even September is warm. You can find lots of sunshine here than the Riga’s seacoast. It has up to 2500+ hours in Goloustnoye and 2000+ hours in Pyatigorsk.

Gornaya, Mountain-bred Wind

Baikal ©om_foto/flickr

Baikal ©om_foto/flickr

One of the strongest wind is the that Baikal’s wind that blows northwest. Sarma that blows from river valley is able to reach a hurricane’s strength, which means up to 40mps or higher. It just comes suddenly with a sharp atmospheric pressure drop. Next comes the stratus and cumulus clouds, followed by a gradual darkness, wind gusts, 6 meters waves that breaks against the coastal cliffs. It can be very dangerous. The other wind is Shelonnik which is a south-caster of cold air masses from the mountain ranges.

 

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