Chesme, the Chesmenskiy Palace

Chesmensky Palace

Chesmensky Palace

Heading southwards of Saint Petersburg leads you to Chesmenskiy Palace. A court architect by the name Yuri Felten had design it with this early early gothic revival style. It has the a certain manner like the Horace Walpole’s Strawberry Hill villa which you can find in Twickenham. The shape is triangular which makes this building special. The three corner towers were build around a central turret. This name Chesme was after the Chesme Bay as in that year, Russia won the Russo-Turkish War in the navy. So the highest military honour of Russia has its place to be presented and it is the Round Hall. People who had received this honor included Svorov and Field-Marshal Kutuzov. It became an almshouse during the Napoleonic Wars, slowly was added with four-storey wings to accommodate more people. Then from WWII, it became part of the Leningrad Institute of Aircraft Instrument-making which is now the State University of Aerospace Instrumentation. One other way to see this is in the Hermitage where there is a famous Green-frog Dinner Service. To see the façade of this historical palace, take the metro to Moskovskaya. Again it is not open to the public though you can find it at 15 Ulitsa Gastello.

Naval Battle of Chesma

State University of Aerospace Instrumentation

State University of Aerospace Instrumentation

This battle took place at Chesma Bay in 1770 and when there Russo-Turkish War started in 1768, Ottoman attention was drawn away and Russia sent their squadrons to the Mediterranean Sea. This battle also happened on the same day as Battle of Larga. The Russian fleet won and gained control to the Aegean Sea and that had made them really confident. The Battle of Larga was between Crimean Tartars cavalry and the Ottoman infantry versus the Russians. Crimean Tartars are the Turkic ethnic group residing in Crimea are known as Crimean Tatars. The area is on the northern coast of the Black Sea. They were conquered many times by different stronger powers throughout history. And so due to this victory, an award that was called the ‘Order of Saint George of the 1st Degree’ was given to Rumyantsev.

Tsarskoye Selo

On your way to the Chesmenskiy Palace, you will possibly pass the Tsar’s Village. Very near to St. Petersburg, it is part of the Pushkin town where you can see the related group of monuments under the world heritage. Whether of Neoclassical, Baroque, traditional Russian-Byzantine influences, the architectural heritage is a real, must-see!

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