Russian Visual Arts

©roger4336/flickr

©roger4336/flickr

Let’s start with the Russian architecture such as the woodcraft buildings. Ancient Slavs or Slavic peoples live in Russian architecture of the Byzantine empire. Kremlins, fortifications, Orthodox churches, brightly painted or glided domes are all features of architecture of that time. Renaissance trends were brought in by Italians with later tent-like churches designs and onion dome designs. It was followed by the Naryshkin baroque in the 17th century and then rococo for the 18th century to Neoclassical. Byzantine and Russian Revival style, Art Nouveau, Constructivism and Stalin Empire style. The latest was plain functionalism with low architectural quality, and finally the International style. Some buildings which you should see are the White House of Russia, Ostankino Tower, Seven Sisters in Moscow, Tatlin’s Tower, Novodevichy Convent, Winter Palace, Catherine Palace, Kunstkamera, Troitse-Sergiyeva Lavra, Peterhof Palace and Narva Triumphal Gate to name a few.

Matryoshka Doll

These are nestling dolls that usually comes in a set made of wood. Its characteristic is the decreasing size and you can place on inside the other. Wood carver and Russian doll maker, Vasily Zvyozdochkin was the first to gain such a credit as his first dolls were noted and they were painted by Sergey Malyutin. In tradition, the first outer most doll is a female traditional Russian peasant in a sarafan. And typically the smallest in the innermost layer is a baby. The paintings of these dolls are the main artistry. Thematically, they are made. Sometimes, you can see Soviet leaders theme or even the fairy tale characters as a theme.

Russian Icon Painting

 Icon painting

Icon painting

The main thing about icon painting is of a sacred person or religious event. Apostle Luke was the first legendary icon painter. From the Byzantium, Russia adopted this skill when Vladimir adopted Christianity. As far back from tomb portraits of ancient Egypt, you can see icons that gained precedence. Tenderness such as Mother of God with the Christ child, you can see the development through the medieval period until the reforms and secularized paintings. Then there are newly restored icons. You can see them not just in churches or religious places but also homes, head of bed etc. Wall with such are called iconostasis. Mostly they depict biblical history of the church. The order of the icons does not change. It is also in varying tiers. You can find Royal Doors for male celebrants.

Leave a Reply