Richness of the Russian Visual Arts


St Andrew Hall

To start with, let’s look at the Russian Architecture and the Russian architects. Palace of Facets can be found in Moscow Kremlin. This is where the main banquet reception hall of the Muscovite Tsars used to be. The Muscovite tsars were the Grand Duchy of Moscow which we know in English as Muscovy. Amongst the secular buildings in Moscow, this palace of Facets is one of the oldest. If you are walking near the Kremlin Cathedral Square, or the Cathedral of the Annunciation and the Dormition Cathedral, you can see it in a distance. You may not be able to enter it nowadays, just admiring the exterior of the eastern façade which is facing the Cathedral Square. Historically, it was commissioned by two Italian Renaissance architects to build a stone palace replacing the wooden version which was constantly suffering from major fire damages. What you see today is the art of Marco Ruffo and Pietro Solario.

Great or Grand Kremlin Palace

This Grand Kremlin Palace was dated back to the 1837. It was built on the estate of the Grand Princes on the Borovitsky Hill or Kremlin Hill established in the 14th century. This is one of the seven hills of Moscow with an altitude of about 145 meters. Next to it you can see the Moscow River and the Neglinnaya River. If you are near the Red Square, you can see it and the Kitai-gorod as well. Actually, the Grand Kremlin Palace is a palace complex with several other buildings within it. One amazing part to note is the Hall of the Order of St. Andrew, the highest order of chivalry of the Russian Empire. In case you are wondering what does the letters ‘S.A.P.R’ means, they are “Santus Andreas Patronus Russia”. The sacred dignity of the Sovereign Power is denoted by the two amazing rows of square pillars and the ‘All-powerful eye’ which has rays emitting onto the imperial Throne. Gold brocade covers the six steps leading up to the throne. In the exterior, there are many details to see and many characteristics of the Byzantine as well as the medieval Russian can be observed.

Bakhmetevsky Bus Garage

A public bus garage which was designed by Konstantin Melnikov in the 1926 is the avant-garde architecture and an example of how this method is applied to industrial facility. Now it is a gallery of modern art. What is special to see is its unorthodox, parallelogram-shaped floor plan.

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