Tourist guide to Samara

Theater in Samara

Theater in Samara ©W.Grabar/Flick

At the confluence of the Volga and the Samara, in south- western Russia, near the Zhiguli mountains, lies the sixth largest city of Russia: Samara. The name of the city comes from the river flowing through it. This is one of the most visited cities in the country because over time it had become became an important cultural and architectural center of Russia.

The first document of the city dates back from 1357, at the time of Alexis, the Metropolitan of Moscow, known as a predictor of Russia. According to the legends the metropolitan predicted certain events for the places he had visited and many of them became true.

The prediction of Alexei regarding Samara

When Alexei arrived in Samara, he predicted it will became one of the largest cities of the country and that it will not be knocked down again. Until Samara received city status, it was inhabited by pirates. The first building here was a medieval fortress, built in 1586, an important frontier that protected the eastern borders of Russia from the nomadic incursions.

Church in Samara, Russia

Church in Samara, Russia ©Evgenii/Flick

The development of the city

During the two World Wars, the city of Samara was one of the most important shipping centers in the country, playing the role of the gateway for certain imported products. During the peasant uprising led by Pugachyov and Stepan Razni, Samara was the home of the revolutionaries. Since 1851 the city became an important economic and political center. From the nineteenth century until the early twentieth century, in Samara numerous factories were built, these producing macaroni, bread and confectionery.

During the Second World War, the city of Samara has built a bunker of Stalin, but which has never been used. By the end of the war, almost all German families who lived in the area were exiled to labor camps. At the Progress Samara factory was built the first ship that took Yuri Gagarin to the space. In Soviet times the city was called Kuybyshe, only in 1991 being called again Samara.

The city of Samara in Russia

The city of Samara in Russia ©Evgenii/Flick

Tourist attractions and famous people of Samara

Over time in Samara were raised a number of impressive buildings, that became important landmarks until today, the most important being the Opera and Ballet Theatre, the Philharmonic Hall, the Natural History Museum, the Zoo, the Circus of Samara, the Bunker of Stalin, the Alabin Museum, the Ladya apartment complex, the Space Industry Center and others. In the city of Samara were born and lived many important people including the novelist Alexei Tolstoy and the composer Dimitri Shostakovich.

Theater in Samara

Theater in Samara ©W.Grabar/Flick


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