The tourist attractions of the Red Square in Moscow

The Kremlin in Moscow

The Kremlin in Moscow ©BBM Explorer/Flick

The Red Square in Moscow is the most famous square of the city and separates the Russian presidency office from the commercial area. It is considered to be the center of Russia and of Moscow and the main streets of the city start at the Red Square.

It is probably one of the most visited tourist attractions in Russia. It is also known as the Square of Cathedrals.

There are many important buildings on this famous square and we would like to present the most important tourist attractions of the Red Square in Moscow.

Lenin’s Mausoleum

The Mausoleum of Lenin is one of the most interesting tourist attractions of the Red Square in Moscow and holds the embalmed body of Vladimir Ilyich Lenin. It is a sensational granite structure incorporates architectural elements of ancient mausoleums. The building is clad with red granite (color symbol of the communist period) and black stone (symbol of mourning).

Lenin Mausoleum in Moscow

Lenin Mausoleum in Moscow ©thisisbossi/Flick

The Kremlin fortification

The Kremlin is a impressive tourist attraction of the Red Square in Moscow. It is a fortification with red brick walls connecting 20 towers, with an area of ​​ 27.5 hectares including three palaces, four cathedrals and two museums. It is an emblem of the city dating from the 15th century.

Over the eight centuries of its existence, the Kremlin is the place from where princes, tzars and, in recent decades, presidents have ruled the country.

The Kremlin Cathedrals

The three cathedrals of the Kremlin are: the Cathedral of the Archangel, the Cathedral of the Assumption and the Cathedral of the Annuntiation. These were built in the 15th-16th centuries and there were either crowned or buried many of the Russian tzars.

The Kremlin Palaces

The oldest and largest building of the Kremlin is the Palace of Facets or the “House of the imperial family”. It was built in 1491 and inaugurated by Tzar Nicholas I. The Terem Palace and the Palace of Facets are linked by the Grand Kremlin Palace.

The Kremlin in Moscow

The Kremlin in Moscow ©BBM Explorer/Flick

The Arsenal and the Armory

In the north side of the Kremlin lays the Arsenal. The first one was built by Peter the Great in 1701, but it was destroyed in 1817 during the invasion of Napoleon and then rebuilt in 1851. The north-western side of the Kremlin is occupied by the Armory building. It was built in 1851 and today is a museum.

The Bell Tower

The Bell Tower of Ivan the Great, also known as the Tzar Bell is an important tourist attraction of the Red Square in Moscow. It is located in the heart of the Kremlin, it is 81 meters high and is said that marks the center of Moscow. The bell weighs 200 tons and is the largest in the world.

Assumption Cathedral with the Bell Tower

Assumption Cathedral with the Bell Tower © thisisbossi/Flick

Leave a Reply