The 3 churches of the Cathedral Square in Moscow

The Annuntiation Cathedral in the Cathedral Square of Kremlin

The Annuntiation Cathedral in the Cathedral Square of Kremlin ©Nigel’s Europe/Flick

The Moscow Kremlin has a heart: the Cathedral Square. Six building were constructed here including palaces and three cathedrals.

The Assumption Cathedral is an Orthodox church dedicated to the Virgin Mary. Across the street you can admire the Patriarchal Palace and the Church of the Twelve Apostles, famous religious monuments visited by tourists from all over the world. The Cathedral of Archangel Michaelis situated in the center of the Cathedral Square in Moscow and is a church for believers of Orthodox religion. The Annunciation Cathedral was built between 1485-1489 as a particular church of the princes and tzars of Moscow.

The Assumption Cathedral

The Assumption Cathedral in Moscow dates back from 1475, its construction lasted about 5 years. It was built to the order of Tsar Ivan III as the project of a famous Italian architect, Aristotele Fioravanti. Over time, the cathedral was rebuilt for several times. This religious monument is of great historical importance for the country, because this was the place where the tzarsof Russia has been crowned and in the churchyard are buried all of the metropolitans and patriarchs of the Church. According to the history on the place where the cathedral was built once existed a medieval cemetery and a wooden church.

The Assumption Cathedral in Moscow Kremlin

The Assumption Cathedral in Moscow Kremlin ©thisisbossi/Flick

The Cathedral of Archangel Michael

The Cathedral of Archangel Michael in Moscow Kremlin is near the Grand Palace and the Bell Tower of Ivan the Great. It dates back from 1506 and was built by the famous Italian architect of the century, Noviy Aleviz Fryazin, during the reign of Ivan III, who died in the autumn of that year, being buried in the cathedral.

The Church of Archangel Michael was built in the place of an older church. There are buried many of the Russian princes and tsars, and other important personalities of the country including Peter the Great, Ivan III, Ivan the Terrible, Peter II and many others. Today the Italian Renaissance architectural style can no longer be admired, the building being rebuilt of Byzantine Gothic style.

The exterior of the cathedral is made of thick white walls and five towers, of which the largest in the middle is golden. The church has several large rectangular windows. Both the exterior and the interior is very similar to the Assumption Cathedral.

The Cathedral of the Archangel Michael in Moscow Kremlin

The Cathedral of the Archangel Michael in Moscow Kremlin ©longmandancer@btopenworld.com/Flick

The Annunciation Cathedral

In the Annunciation Cathedral in Moscow the tzars and their relatives attended daily the services or other family celebrations. The iconostasis was painted by Andrei Rublev and Theophanes the Greek. The fresca belongs to a team that was led by Theodosius, son of the great painter Dionysius. The precious gems and the decorative work in the church bear the witness of an era full of glory.

The Annuntiation Cathedral in the Cathedral Square of Kremlin

The Annuntiation Cathedral in the Cathedral Square of Kremlin ©Nigel’s Europe/Flick

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