Russian history through the eyes of the visitor

The Armoury Gate in Moscow

The Armoury Gate in Moscow ©archer10 (Dennis)/Flick

Housing palaces, cathedrals and several secular landmarks that communicate with each other, the Kremlin has played an important role in Russian history. The symbol citadel on the Moscow River created a Russia that can survive all times and all regimes. From the Kremlin were played the cards of the Soviet history, were taken radical decisions for the fate of the Russian nation and there took place the most sumptuous feasts ever.

The Kremlin enclosure, whose thickness varies between 3.5 and 6.5 m and whose height is between 5 and 10 meters, is a triangle with more than 28 acres.


The Kremlin wall is marked by 20 towers, the most powerful being one Boroviţkaia, Troiţkaia (Trinity), the Tower of the Saviour, the Tower of St. Nicolai, the Tower of St. Constantine, the Tower of St. Helena, and the Tower of Secret.

The Trinity Gate in Moscow

The Trinity Gate in Moscow ©e_chaya/Flick

The Saviour Tower

The Saviour Tower is the main gate of the Kremlin and on this was the entrance used by the countless guests of dinners that were held in the Kremlin during the Russian history. The tradition required that on the day of their anointing, the tzars enter through this gate with their heads uncovered. On the top of the tower is installed a clock to which all Russians establish their exact time. Today the access to the Kremlin is made through the Boroviţkaia Tower and the Troiţkaia Towers, these being the first that were built.

Moscow Kremlin at night

Moscow Kremlin at night ©Pavel “KoraxDC”Kazachkov/Flick

The Armoury Palace

At first the traveler stops at the Armoury Palace that keeps the masterpieces that enable us to understand the history of the Russian state. You need only two hours to see the whole history of Russia through the eyes of the visitor. The most interesting exhibits include the famous cap of the Monomah. This fur hat with flaps over the ears was worn from the fifteenth century to the eighteenth century by the tzars at the coronation ceremony. The Royal hat is an Eastern goldsmith work and has given rise to a popular proverb, when it came to evoke the difficulty of governing the country : “It is hard to wear the hat of Monomah”.

The Armoury Gate in Moscow

The Armoury Gate in Moscow ©archer10 (Dennis)/Flick

In the Armoury Museum are also exhibited several thrones of Ivan the Terrible, Boris Gudunov, Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich and the double silver throne of Peter the Great. The Armoury still keeps ceremonial robes of the tzars and czarinas, the most notably of them being the coronation dress of Catherine II, a red brocarde dress with silver embroidery. Besides of this you can see a wonderful collection of caret (closed carriage with four wheels) and sleds that were used by the leaders in Russian history. Are also outstanding the Russian and European silverware works, and many religious items such as decorated Bibles, shrines, icons and numerous tiles and porcelain. In the Armoury Chamber you can also admire the breathtaking diamonds of the Crown and the gifts offered by European monarchs to the Russian sovereigns.

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