The Novodevichy Monastery in Moscow

The Church of Assumption in the Novodevichy Monastery

The Church of Assumption in the Novodevichy Monastery ©archer10 (Dennis)/Flick

The Novodevichy Monastery in Moscow is an outstanding example of a very well preserved monastic complex, which represents the Baroque Moscovite style of the characteristic architecture of the late 17th century.

The monastery and its annexes are surrounded by walls, and the walls are themselves surrounded by a huge park. In this park is a lake, whose view is important to the overall perception of the monastery.

The Novodevichy Monastery in Moscow was founded by Grand Duke Vasili III in 1520. This monastery was dedicated to the Virgin Mary of Smolensk, also known as the “Hodigitria”.

The monastery is surrounded by a high wall with 12 towers, and its entrances are in the north and in the south.

The walls of the Novodevichy Monastery Complex

The walls of the Novodevichy Monastery Complex ©Bernt Rostad/Flick

The buildings of the monastery

The Smolensky Cathedral is situated exactly in the center of the axis between the two entrances. Inside the Novodevichy Monastery in Moscow you will find the Church of Assumption and Bell Tower, the Transfiguration Cathedral, the Church of Our Lady, the Dining Hall and the Church of Saint Ambrose. The bell tower is 72 meters high and consists of 5 levels. The monastery includes residential and service buildings, most of them being placed along the walls.

The Smolensky Cathedral inside the monastery was the first stone building of the complex. The cathedral has three halls and is crowned by five domes. The interior is covered with murals and you will also see here some gilded carvings.

The Church of St. Ambrose, the Dining Hall and the Irininskiye rooms were built of brick at the ned of the 16th century and at the beginning of the 17th century. The Church of Assumption was built of brick in the Mosovite Baroque style between the years 1685 and 1687. Its interior is painted, and on the veil you will find paintings dating from the 17th century until the 20th century.

Inside the Novodevichy Monastery

Inside the Novodevichy Monastery ©reibai/Flick

Famous people in the monastery

The Novodevichy Monastery in Moscow has become one of the most respected monasteries and women from the the Tsar’s family and noble families joined it. This monastery was used as the alternative residence of the family of the Tsar. Princess Sofia Alekseevna lived at Novodevichy Monastery in Moscow, while she was governing Russia after the death of his brother.

The monastery today

Today the resort is affiliated to the Historical State Museum of the Kremlin. The collection displayed at the Novodevichy Monastery consists of a large number of valuable objects and paintings, and a very important library that contains a collection of books about the tsarist dynasties and the history of the country. Since 1980 the monastery is the residence of a Bishop, and in 1994 it was reopened the monastery for nuns.

The Church of Assumption in the Novodevichy Monastery

The Church of Assumption in the Novodevichy Monastery ©archer10 (Dennis)/Flick

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